NFHS Basketball Traveling Definitions, Rules and Officiating Tips

dribbling the ball

Secondly it is also helpful to start holding the basketball under the chin with elbows up. Then position and sweep the ball up over the head or low near the ankles as this protects the basketball from defenders. When conducting coaching clinics, I find this technique is unfamiliar to many coaches, although as far as I know, it has been around for almost 60 years. The tripod lunge step is the absolute best way to learn or improve a player’s ability to do an off-hand layup. Some footwork techniques included here are time-tested basic fundamentals.

Alternatively, such action is not specifically described as being legal play. Off-the-dribble or catch-and-shoot, always step into the basketball with inside foot 1-2 step footwork. When the shooter’s feet and shoulders are already facing straight ahead towards the basket, a right-handed player’s footwork should go in the left—right order. This allows the player to brake, stop and gain balance and control utilizing the dominant leg. The right foot should come forward and point towards the basket.

  • It is legal when a player falls and slides on the floor while holding the ball or, while lying or sitting on the floor, gains control of the ball.
  • It can also help open yourself up for a good shot or to dribble your way past defenders.
  • Giannis gathers the ball with his left foot and is allowed two step in any direction.
  • Note also, a jump stop is only legal when from one foot to two — not two feet to two, as many players seem to do when catching a perimeter pass and then setting up to take a jump shot.
  • Player touches the seat of the chair with the ball, inside pivots and shoots again.

If the ball is received with both feet in the air, the next foot to come in contact with the ground represents the first step. In either case, the player’s options are to stop after the second step or shoot or pass the ball before the pivot foot touches the ground again. Once a player stops dribbling and picks up his dribble, they can only pivot, shoot, or pass the ball.

British Dictionary definitions for pivot

Coaches in every sport teach players to «get low» and «stand on the ball of the foot» or «on your toes.» These phrases are metaphors to more easily explain how to perform this technique. When done correctly, it actually is the area of the foot directly behind and across all of the toes, which includes the ball of the foot, that will bear and support the weight of the body. Raising the heels off the floor automatically causes the legs to bend, making it easier and more natural to lower the body into a slight squat that provides balance, power and enhances propulsion.

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Here, the player will perform a jump stop, where both feet are planted firmly on the floor. From here, the low post player can choose whichever pivot foot they prefer and perform either a front pivot or a reverse pivot. In basketball, pivoting is when a player stands still and only steps with one foot. The player must have the ball to perform a pivot, and the same foot must always stay on the floor. The foot that stays on the floor is known as the pivot foot.

Dribbling On The Move — Crossover Dribble

One thing you should mention and pay attention to is for your players to try to maintain the same height throughout the movement. Carefully watch all players during the drill and make corrections as you go along. They then get into an athletic stance while holding the basketball close to their chest. Each player grabs a ball and lines up with a couple of feet of space between them. All of these happen multiple times per game and one thing connects them all… On the other hand, young players often have just one pace setting…


Be sure to go vertically, and not lose a lot of your elevation by going forward. The accounting equation may jump off that foot and simultaneously land on both. On one foot, the player may jump off that foot and simultaneously land on both. The head is centered above the lower body, and your hands are about chest high with your elbows bent and your arms close to your sides. When you have the ball on the perimeter, use the triple threat position so you are in a position to pass, shoot or dribble.

How many pivots can you do in basketball?

Both actions would result in a traveling violation being called on the basketball player. This is why it is important to practice using the correct form for a pivot. It is important to remember that the pivot foot must stay firmly on the floor to avoid a traveling violation called. Keeping the pivot foot firmly on the floor means that a player can only step with their non-pivot foot.

  • A naturally quick player who lacks good footwork skills can be beaten by a player with sound footwork fundamentals.
  • A player may not touch the floor consecutively with the same foot or both feet after ending his dribble or gaining control of the ball.
  • In fact, the lower you remain to the ground the quicker you will be able to transition into whatever movement you choose to do next.
  • The height of the dribble or number of steps taken per dribble is irrelevant.
  • Players can’t hold on to the ball for more than five seconds.

Keep in mind that there is no set limit on how many steps a player can take before traveling, so always consult your rulebook for guidance before making any calls. In basketball, you must use one foot to pivot around the other in order to move your body towards the basket. Before doing this, you must lift your pivot foot off of the floor and place it into a position where it will be able to rotate quickly. Otherwise gains enough control of the ball to hold it, change hands, pass, shoot, or the player cradles the ball against his body.

Ten Fundamentals of Proper Basketball Footwork

The height of the dribble or number of steps taken per dribble is irrelevant. The ball becomes dead and a throw-in is awarded to the opposing team out of bounds nearest the point where the violation took place under NCAA and NFHS rules. Under NBA rules, the ball is awarded to the opposing team at the nearest spot but no closer to the baseline than the free throw line extended. If a player lands with one foot he may only pivot using that foot. A player is not allowed to be the first to touch his own pass unless the ball touches his backboard, basket ring or another player.

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All these maneuvers can take place several times in the course of a single game. Therefore, learning how to pivot effectively will open up many opportunities to score, evade guards, and assist teammates. If your players aren’t familiar with pivoting, they’re probably very young or new to the game. Instead of panicking and committing a travel or a turnover, our hypothetical young player can stop, survey the situation, pivot into a favorable position, and safely get rid of the ball.

One-two step landing

The shooter’s feet should be in the ready position long before the ball is passed. The jab step is basically a combination of a pivot and a fake jump-step. This should generate movement towards your desired direction, not upward movement. Proper footwork helps enhance any player’s ability to play offense, defense, rebound or any other part of the game of basketball. Hopefully, coaches and players do not forget to focus on footwork during practices.

While speed and conditioning coaches currently are very popular, seeking help from an experienced local track coach could prove to be more effective and less expensive. Now, Bangalter has pivoted to his first solo project in more than 20 years, Mythologies, which began life as a ballet score performed at Bordeaux’s Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux in July 2022. If there is a recession and the Fed pivots abruptly, high-quality bonds could be expected to gain in value, while money market rates would fall. Both have since been acquired and have pivoted into different space tech sectors. In Pennsylvania, Democrats are looking to replicate Joe Biden’s 2020 map, which landed him the presidency with wins in the pivot counties of Erie and Northampton.


Once a player has a pivot foot, they can not start dribbling again after picking up their dribble. Basketball players are not allowed to move with the ball unless they are dribbling, so they must always keep at least one foot established on the ground when holding the ball. This is called their pivot foot, and players can pivot on this foot as much as needed. Their other foot is free to step and move, but the pivot foot must maintain contact with the ground. Player catches the ball while moving or dribbling, The player stops with one foot on the floor and jumps off that foot to land simultaneously on both feet.


The most important part of the movement is to keep the pivot foot on the floor while turning on the plus sign. If the foot is not still in the same exact spot when you touch the right foot to the horizontal line, the pivot was done incorrectly. After that, simply reverse the right shoulder and foot back to their original placement.

This controlled reduction of pace buys players valuable time to make the correct decision. Knowing how to jump stop and properly pivot can be a game-changer in this situation. Old clips of Kobe Bryant or Hakeem Olajuwon — two absolute masters of footwork — can give you a great idea of how effective the pivot can be to create space or get past a defender.

Jump rope and run sprints to build your legs and agility. Practice trying to touch the net, or backboard, or rim every day. Do it from both a running start, and standing stationary under the basket. Now let’s take a player who already has possession of the ball on the outside. He/she makes a dribble move into the lane, picks up the dribble, takes one step, and then lands a two-footed jump-stop.

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A player that has come to a full stop and performed a pivot maneuver may begin dribbling only before the pivot foot leaves the ground. A player that can pivot effectively is a force to content with on the court. Learning to pivot as early as possible expands a player’s skillset considerably and helps them develop the skills to perform more advanced footwork. Players that master the art and science of the pivot will be a valuable addition to any team. If the player catches the ball with two feet on the court, they can choose which foot becomes the pivot. However, they cannot switch to the other foot after making their initial decision.


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